10.1c List the main types of abuse

The Care Act 2014 identifies 10 types of abuse and neglect that cause harm. These are listed below:

  • Physical abuse-When an individual’s body is injured or hurt.
  • Domestic violence-An incident or threatening behaviour between adults who are or have been intimate partners or family members.
  • Modern slavery-Encompasses slavery, human trafficking and domestic servitude.
  • Financial or material abuse-The use of a person’s funds and belongings without their permission.
  • Sexual abuse-When a person becomes involved in sexual relationships or activities that they do not want to be involved in.
  • Neglect-A failure to meet the basic needs of the individual.
  • Self-neglect-A person’s failure or refusal to take care of their own basic needs.
  • Psychological abuse-Using emotional abuse, threats, humiliation, intimidation and other psychological tactics to make the individual feel worthless, unloved or uncared for.
  • Organisational abuse-When services provided are focused on the needs of the organisation rather than the needs of the individual.
  • Discriminatory abuse-When an individual or group is treated unequally because of characteristics identified in the Equality Act 2010.

You should familiarise yourself with these types of abuse as it is important you prevent the individuals you care for from experiencing any of them.

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