Explain how an individual’s identity and self-esteem are linked with well-being

Qualification: Level 2 Diploma in Adult Care
Unit name: Implement Person-Centred Approaches in Care Settings
Learning outcome: 6. Be able to support the individual’s well-being
Assessment criteria: 6.1 Explain how an individual’s identity and self-esteem are linked with well-being

To promote individuality with the individuals that you support, it is important to understand how an individual’s identity links to their self-esteem and wellbeing.


Everyone is unique, with their own identity, that is made up of our experiences, relationships and beliefs as well as some genetic factors.

All individuals should be encouraged to express their own identity because it helps to build self-esteem. Self-esteem is the image somebody has of themselves. Individuals with high self-esteem view themselves in a positive light, whilst those that have low self-esteem have a negative opinion of themselves. By being able to express their own identity and not feel judged or stifled, individuals can develop higher self-worth and self-esteem. Conversely, if an individual is unable to express their identity, it can lower their self-esteem.


Well-being describes your general contentment with life – whether you are generally happy or unhappy. High self-esteem can contribute to well-being because feeling good about yourself can have a positive impact on both physical and mental health. It also means that an individual will be more likely to participate in social groups (which may have a shared identity), which can impact social, cultural and spiritual wellbeing.

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