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2.2 Describe factors that may contribute to an individual being more vulnerable to abuse

Qualification: Level 2 Diploma in Care, Level 3 Diploma in Adult Care
Unit name: Safeguarding and Protection in Care Settings
Learning outcome: 2. Know how to recognise signs of abuse
Assessment criteria: 2.2 Describe factors that may contribute to an individual being more vulnerable to abuse

Individuals that are receiving care services may be more vulnerable to abuse for several reasons:

  • Limited independence – not having full independence makes individuals reliant on others, which can result in exploitation
  • Unable to defend selves – some physical disabilities may make it difficult for individuals to physically defend themselves from abuse
  • Confusion – dementia or mental illness can result in individuals not understanding that they are suffering abuse or not being able to recall it happening
  • Fear of not being believed – individuals may not report abuse because they are afraid of not being believed or potential repercussions
  • Unable to communicate – individuals with communication difficulties may not be able to report that they have been abused
  • Care home – organisational abuse can only occur in residential care settings