Qualification: NCFE CACHE Level 3 Diploma for the Early Years Educator
Unit: Unit 1.5: Understand how to support children who are unwell
Learning outcome: Know common childhood illnesses
Assessment criteria: Explain treatments for common childhood illnesses
In the previous section, we looked at the signs and symptoms of several common childhood illnesses.
Next, we will examine the available treatments.
|Common cold||Rest, fluids, pain relief when needed|
|Flu (influenza)||Rest, fluids, pain relief when needed, keep warm|
|Whooping cough||Antibiotics, children under 6 months will need to go to hospital|
|Tonsilitis||Rest, fluids, pain relief when needed|
|Stomach bug/food poisoning||Rest, fluids|
|Chickenpox||Rest, fluids, pain relief when needed, cooling gels or lotions from pharmacy, wear loose-fitting clothes, trim fingernails and toenails to prevent scratching, younger children can wear mits or socks on their hands to prevent scratching, cool baths (pat dry)|
|Measles||Rest, fluids, pain relief when needed, clean crust on eyes with cotton wool and water|
|German measles\Rubella||Rest, fluids, pain relief when needed|
|Mumps||Rest, fluids, eating soft foods, pain relief when needed, warm/cold compress to neck|
|Scabies||Cream or lotion from the pharmacist (immediate family will also need to be treated)|
|Scarlet fever||Rest, fluids, eating soft foods, pain relief when needed, lotions to ease itching|
|Hand, foot and mouth disease||Rest, fluids, eating soft foods, pain relief when needed|
|Impetigo (bullous & non-bullous)||Antibiotics (cream or tablets), other creams (e.g. calamine lotion), antibiotics in more severe cases|
|Ear infections||Warm/cold flannel on the ear, keep ear clean, use pain relief if needed, antibiotics in more severe cases|
|Meningitis||Viral meningitis can be treated at home with rest, fluids and pain relief, when needed|
Bacterial meningitis will require a visit to the hospital so that the child can be closely observed and antibiotics can be administered intravenously.
Although Early Years practitioners will understand common childhood illnesses, making a formal diagnosis is beyond the scope of their role. Practitioners should encourage parents/carers to consult with a suitably qualified medical professional, such as a GP or pharmacist, to ensure that a proper diagnosis is made and the child receives the most appropriate treatment.