Explain treatments for common childhood illnesses

Qualification: NCFE CACHE Level 3 Diploma for the Early Years Educator
Unit: Unit 1.5: Understand how to support children who are unwell
Learning outcome: Know common childhood illnesses
Assessment criteria: Explain treatments for common childhood illnesses

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In the previous section, we looked at the signs and symptoms of several common childhood illnesses.

Next, we will examine the available treatments.

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IllnessTreatments
Common coldRest, fluids, pain relief when needed
Flu (influenza)Rest, fluids, pain relief when needed, keep warm
Whooping coughAntibiotics, children under 6 months will need to go to hospital
TonsilitisRest, fluids, pain relief when needed
Stomach bug/food poisoningRest, fluids
ChickenpoxRest, fluids, pain relief when needed, cooling gels or lotions from pharmacy, wear loose-fitting clothes, trim fingernails and toenails to prevent scratching, younger children can wear mits or socks on their hands to prevent scratching, cool baths (pat dry)
MeaslesRest, fluids, pain relief when needed, clean crust on eyes with cotton wool and water
German measles\RubellaRest, fluids, pain relief when needed
MumpsRest, fluids, eating soft foods, pain relief when needed, warm/cold compress to neck
ScabiesCream or lotion from the pharmacist (immediate family will also need to be treated)
Scarlet feverRest, fluids, eating soft foods, pain relief when needed, lotions to ease itching
Hand, foot and mouth diseaseRest, fluids, eating soft foods, pain relief when needed
Impetigo (bullous & non-bullous)Antibiotics (cream or tablets), other creams (e.g. calamine lotion), antibiotics in more severe cases
Ear infectionsWarm/cold flannel on the ear, keep ear clean, use pain relief if needed, antibiotics in more severe cases
MeningitisViral meningitis can be treated at home with rest, fluids and pain relief, when needed
Bacterial meningitis will require a visit to the hospital so that the child can be closely observed and antibiotics can be administered intravenously.
Treatment of common childhood illnesses

Although Early Years practitioners will understand common childhood illnesses, making a formal diagnosis is beyond the scope of their role. Practitioners should encourage parents/carers to consult with a suitably qualified medical professional, such as a GP or pharmacist, to ensure that a proper diagnosis is made and the child receives the most appropriate treatment.

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