Identify common childhood illnesses

Qualification: NCFE CACHE Level 3 Diploma for the Early Years Educator
Unit: Unit 1.5: Understand how to support children who are unwell
Learning outcome: Know common childhood illnesses
Assessment criteria: Identify common childhood illnesses


It is important for Early Years practitioners to be able to identify common childhood illnesses so that they can provide the appropriate care and support. The most common childhood illnesses are:

  • Common cold
  • Flu (influenza)
  • Whooping cough
  • Tonsilitis
  • Viral infections that lead to vomiting/diarrhoea
  • Chickenpox
  • Measles
  • German measles\Rubella
  • Mumps
  • Scabies
  • Scarlet fever
  • Hand, foot and mouth disease
  • Impetigo (bullous & non-bullous)
  • Ear infections
  • Meningitis

In the following sections, we will explore the signs and symptoms, treatments and recommended exclusion periods for these illnesses.

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