Define the terms: speech, language, communication

Qualification: NCFE CACHE Level 3 Diploma for the Early Years Educator
Unit: Unit 3.10: Develop the speech, language and communication of children
Learning outcome: Understand theory and current frameworks which underpin children’s speech, language and communication development.
Assessment criteria: Define the terms: speech, language, communication


English is a complex language that contains many different elements. Three core components of English are speech, language, and communication. These terms might be confusing to some, so let’s break down each one individually to get a better sense of their meaning.

What is Speech?

Speech refers to the physical act of producing sound. Speech production involves the coordination of several muscles in the mouth and throat that work together to produce sound. This sound can then be used to communicate with others. Speech production also involves the ability to hear oneself speak, called auditory feedback. People who have difficulty producing speech may seek help from a speech-language pathologist or speech therapist.


What is Language?

Language refers to the rules and conventions used when speaking or writing in any given language. It involves grammar, vocabulary, syntax, and other linguistic features that are specific to a certain language such as English or Spanish. Language proficiency requires an understanding of how words combine into sentences and how these sentences convey meaning in order for effective communication with others. Without this knowledge, two people may not be able to understand each other’s message.

What is Communication?

Communication is the exchange of information between two or more people or groups using spoken words, gestures, signs, symbols, or written messages. It involves both verbal and nonverbal cues (such as facial expressions) that give clues about what someone is trying to say or express through their body language. The goal of communication is typically for one person or group to share their ideas with another person or group in order for them bothto gain a better understanding of each other’s point of view on a particular subject matter. Effective communication requires understanding and respect for each other’s beliefs and values as well as an awareness of potential cultural differences that could impact the conversation’s outcome if not taken into account beforehand..



In summary, speech refers to the physical act of producing sound which can then be used for communication; language encompasses all aspects related to speaking a particular language; while communication involves exchanging information between two people using verbal and/or nonverbal cues in order for them bothto gain an understanding on a given subject matter. These three terms are essential components needed for successful interactions with others — whether it be face-to-face conversations or digital interactions online — making them invaluable tools for any student studying English as a second language!

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