Describe theoretical perspectives in relation to personal, social and emotional development

Qualification: NCFE CACHE Level 3 Diploma for the Early Years Educator
Unit: Unit 3.12: Promote the personal, social and emotional development of children
Learning outcome: Understand theory and current frameworks underpinning personal, social and emotional development of children
Assessment criteria: Describe theoretical perspectives in relation to personal, social and emotional development

Advertisement

Understanding personal, social and emotional development in children is a complex process that requires an analysis of the various theoretical perspectives. In this blog post, we will discuss how theories such as psychoanalytic theory, cognitive developmental theory, behaviorism and social learning theory can help us understand children’s development.

Psychoanalytic Theory

The psychoanalytic perspective was developed by Sigmund Freud in the early 1900s and is based on the idea that our personality develops from our unconscious desires and needs. This theory focuses on how our childhood experiences shape our adult personalities. According to this theory, if a child experiences significant trauma or psychological distress during their childhood it can lead to problems with their mental health later on in life. Furthermore, this perspective emphasizes the importance of understanding the role of early attachment relationships as they play a major role in shaping a child’s personality.

Advertisement

Cognitive Developmental Theory

This perspective was developed by Jean Piaget who believed that all individuals experience cognitive development throughout their lifespan, but at different rates depending on their age. He proposed that children progress through four distinct stages of cognitive development which are sensorimotor (birth-2 years), preoperational (2-7 years), concrete operational (7-11 years) and formal operational (11+ years). Each stage has its own unique characteristics and challenges which need to be taken into consideration when assessing a child’s personal, social and emotional development.

Behaviorism/Social Learning Theory

Behaviorism or social learning theory is based on the idea that individuals learn through observing others around them or through direct instruction or reinforcement from adults or peers. This approach suggests that behavior can be shaped through positive reinforcement or rewards for desired behaviors as well as punishment for undesirable behaviors. It also emphasizes the importance of modeling behavior for children so that they can acquire new skills or improve existing ones. This perspective is particularly useful when looking at developing important social skills such as communication, problem solving and conflict resolution.

Advertisement

Summary

Overall, there are several theoretical perspectives which can help us understand children’s personal, social and emotional development including psychoanalytic theory, cognitive developmental theory, behaviorism/social learning theory and more. By taking into account all of these perspectives we are able to gain insight into how best to support children’s overall growth and development both in the short term as well as into adulthood. It is essential for parents, teachers and other professionals working with children to be aware of these theories so they can provide appropriate support for each individual child’s needs.

Advertisement
Don`t copy text!