Define the terms: biological, environmental

Qualification: NCFE CACHE Level 3 Diploma for the Early Years Educator
Unit: Unit 3.13: Support children with additional needs
Learning outcome: Understand biological, environmental and developmental factors which may result in children needing additional support
Assessment criteria: Define the terms: biological, environmental


When studying different types of additional needs in children, it is important to understand the biological and environmental factors that contribute to them. In this blog post, we will define these terms and discuss how they can be used to better understand children’s needs.

Biological Factors

Biological factors refer to any physical conditions or characteristics that affect a person’s development, health, and well-being. These include physical disabilities, genetic conditions, neurological disorders, mental health issues, and more. These factors can have a significant impact on a child’s ability to grow and develop normally.


Environmental Factors

Environmental factors refer to the various external influences that may affect a child’s development or behavior. These include family dynamics, economic status, cultural beliefs and practices, educational opportunities, access to healthcare services, and more. Environmental factors can also play an important role in determining whether or not a child develops additional needs.

Both biological and environmental factors are important for understanding the unique needs of each individual child; however, it is essential to recognize that there are many other potential influences as well — such as social/emotional factors — that must also be taken into account when providing support for children with additional needs. Additionally, it is important to consider how these various factors interact with one another in order to provide effective interventions or accommodations for each child.



In conclusion, understanding both biological and environmental factors is essential when considering the unique needs of children with additional requirements. While these two terms are often used interchangeably when discussing special needs education or support services for children with disabilities or delays in development, it is important to keep in mind that there are many other contributing influences that should be taken into account when providing assistance or interventions. By taking all of these elements into consideration – including social/emotional components – we can ensure that every individual receives the highest quality care possible.

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