Describe factors affecting children’s readiness for school

Qualification: NCFE CACHE Level 3 Diploma for the Early Years Educator
Unit: Unit 3.7: Understand the needs of the child in preparing for school
Learning outcome: Understand ‘school readiness’ in relation to the role of the Early Years practitioner
Assessment criteria: Describe factors affecting children’s readiness for school


In today’s society, being prepared for school is an important part of a child’s development. The early years setting plays an essential role in helping children develop the skills and knowledge necessary to be successful in school. In this blog post, we will explore some of the factors that can affect a child’s readiness for school in early years settings.

Social-Emotional Development

When children enter early years settings, they are often exposed to a variety of social situations that can help them learn how to interact with others and manage their emotions. Social-emotional skills such as empathy, understanding of emotions, and problem-solving are all important aspects of a child’s readiness for school. Through interactions with peers, teachers, and other adults, children have the opportunity to practice these skills and build their self-confidence as well as their ability to make friends and take turns.


Cognitive Development

Cognitive development is another important factor in determining a child’s readiness for school. Cognitive abilities such as language processing, memory, attention span, and problem solving are all necessary components of academic success. Early childhood education can help foster cognitive development by providing young children with learning experiences that will strengthen their ability to think critically about problems and come up with creative solutions. These activities can range from simple puzzles to more complex tasks such as counting objects or recognizing patterns.

Physical Development

Physical development also plays an important role in a child’s readiness for school. Strong motor skills are crucial for completing classroom tasks such as writing or cutting paper; physical coordination also helps children participate in activities like sports or playground games without getting hurt or feeling overwhelmed by unfamiliar movements. Physical activity should be encouraged in early years settings through active playtime or outdoor exploration so that children can develop strong motor skills relevant to their age level and body type.



As we have seen, there are many factors that contribute to a child’s readiness for school in early years settings. Being aware of these factors can help students better understand how social-emotional, cognitive, and physical development can affect academic performance down the line. By promoting positive interactions between peers and adults alike while incorporating meaningful learning experiences into everyday activities, educators can ensure that each student feels supported on his or her journey towards success!

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