Analyse the use of technology in supporting the development of cognition in children

Qualification: NCFE CACHE Level 3 Diploma for the Early Years Educator
Unit: Unit 3.9: Facilitate the cognitive development of children
Learning outcome: Be able to facilitate the development of cognition in children
Assessment criteria: Analyse the use of technology in supporting the development of cognition in children


The use of technology in early years settings is a topic of significant interest and debate. When used thoughtfully and appropriately, technology can support the development of cognition in children. However, it is crucial to balance its use with other developmental activities. Let’s analyze the role of technology in this context:

Positive Impacts of Technology on Cognitive Development

  1. Enhanced Learning Opportunities: Technology can provide a wide range of learning resources that are engaging and interactive. Educational apps and games can support literacy, numeracy, problem-solving skills, and even coding basics.
  2. Development of Digital Literacy: Early exposure to technology can help children develop essential digital skills. This is increasingly important in a world where digital literacy is as crucial as reading and writing.
  3. Access to Diverse Content: Technology can expose children to a world beyond their immediate environment. Educational videos, interactive e-books, and child-friendly websites can introduce new ideas, cultures, and languages.
  4. Personalized Learning Experiences: Technology can be tailored to suit the learning pace and style of each child, potentially offering a more personalized learning experience.
  5. Support for Children with Special Educational Needs: Technology can be incredibly beneficial for children with special educational needs. For instance, speech-to-text software and interactive learning apps can aid children with speech or language difficulties.

Challenges and Considerations

  1. Over-reliance on Technology: There’s a risk of over-reliance on technology, which can lead to reduced opportunities for physical play, hands-on activities, and social interaction – all crucial for holistic development.
  2. Screen Time Guidelines: It’s important to adhere to screen time guidelines to prevent negative effects on physical health (like eye strain) and ensure that technology use does not replace essential activities like physical play, social interaction, and sleep.
  3. Quality of Content: The quality of digital content is a major consideration. Not all apps, games, or websites are educational or age-appropriate. Careful selection and vetting are necessary.
  4. Digital Divide: Access to technology can vary significantly, leading to a digital divide. It’s important to ensure that all children have equal opportunities to benefit from technological resources.
  5. Developing Critical Thinking and Creativity: While technology can provide answers and solutions, it’s also important to encourage children to think critically and creatively, skills that are sometimes better nurtured through non-digital activities.
  6. Role of the Practitioner: Early years practitioners must actively guide children’s use of technology, integrating it with other learning activities and ensuring it is used in a way that supports developmental goals.


In summary, technology, when used judiciously, can be a valuable tool in supporting cognitive development in early years settings. It offers unique learning opportunities and access to a wealth of information and resources. However, its use must be balanced with other developmental activities, and guided by educational professionals to ensure it meets the needs and enhances the abilities of young children. The goal is to integrate technology in a way that complements, rather than replaces, traditional learning and play activities.

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