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Level 1

The information on this page explains what you will need to understand to be at Level 1 in Functional Skills for Mathematics.

  1. Read, write, order and compare large numbers (up to one million)
  2. Recognise and use positive and negative numbers
  3. Multiply and divide whole numbers and decimals by 10, 100, 1000
  4. Use multiplication facts and make connections with division facts
  5. Use simple formulae expressed in words for one or two-step operations
  6. Calculate the squares of one-digit and two-digit numbers
  7. Follow the order of precedence of operators
  8. Read, write, order and compare common fractions and mixed numbers
  9. Find fractions of whole number quantities or measurements
  10. Read, write, order and compare decimals up to three decimal places
  11. Add, subtract, multiply and divide decimals up to two decimal places
  12. Approximate by rounding to a whole number or to one or two decimal places
  13. Read, write, order and compare percentages in whole numbers
  14. Calculate percentages of quantities, including simple percentage increases and decreases by 5% and multiples thereof
  15. Estimate answers to calculations using fractions and decimals
  16. Recognise and calculate equivalences between common fractions, percentages and decimals
  17. Work with simple ratio and direct proportions
  18. Calculate simple interest in multiples of 5% on amounts of money
  19. Calculate discounts in multiples of 5% on amounts of money
  20. Convert between units of length, weight, capacity, money and time, in the same system
  21. Recognise and make use of simple scales on maps and drawings
  22. Calculate the area and perimeter of simple shapes including those that are made up of a combination of rectangles
  23. Calculate the volumes of cubes and cuboids
  24. Draw 2-D shapes and demonstrate an understanding of line symmetry and knowledge of the relative size of angles
  25. Interpret plans, elevations and nets of simple 3-D shapes
  26. Use angles when describing position and direction, and measure angles in degrees
  27. Represent discrete data in tables, diagrams and charts including pie charts, bar charts and line graphs
  28. Group discrete data and represent grouped data graphically
  29. Find the mean and range of a set of quantities
  30. Understand probability on a scale from 0 (impossible) to 1 (certain) and use probabilities to compare the likelihood of events
  31. Use equally likely outcomes to find the probabilities of simple events and express them as fractions

In addition, at Level 1, you should be able to:

  • Read, understand and use mathematical information and mathematical terms used at this level
  • Address individual problems as described above
  • Use knowledge and understanding to a required level of accuracy
  • Analyse and interpret answers in the context of the original problem
  • Check the sense, and reasonableness, of answers
  • Present results with appropriate explanation and interpretation demonstrating simple reasoning to support the process and show consistency with the evidence presented.